How To Use This Site

How To Use This Site

This blog was updated on a daily basis for about two years, with those daily entries ceasing on December 31, 2013. The blog is still active, however, and we hope that people stopping in, who find something lacking, will add to the daily entries.

The blog still receives new posts as well, but now it receives them on items of Wyoming history. That has always been a feature of the blog, but Wyoming's history is rich and there are many items that are not fully covered here, if covered at all. Over time, we hope to remedy that.

You can obtain an entire month's listings by hitting on the appropriate month below, or an individual day by hitting on that calendar date.

We hope you enjoy this site.

Tuesday, October 8, 2013

October 8

Today is Columbus Day for 2012, the date this entry was first posted.

At least in my part of the country, Columbus Day has declined to the point of being practically a non entity, as far as observed holidays are concerned.  Nothing happens to note it, other than that I think it is a Federal holiday and Federal services are halted.  Some state ones used to be, but I know that various state offices have, for many years, been given the option of omitting the holiday in exchange for taking the day after Thanksgiving off.

To our south, in Colorado, this day has sometimes been the source or real controversy, however, even in modern times, as American Indians have used it to make a counter observance noting the harm inflicted upon them by European Americans starting in 1492.

The day itself was first observed in Colorado as a state holiday staring in 1906, and became a Federal holiday in 1937.  It's a floating holiday that always occurs on the second Monday of October.

Today is also Canadian Thanksgiving Day, a national holiday in Canada since 1879.  Thanksgiving being a holiday centered on the harvest, the earlier Canadian date, as opposed to the later American date, makes sense.  The current floating holiday was established as the second Monday of October in 1957.

1821  James Long Texas forces surrendered to Mexican forces commanded by Colonel Juan Ignacio Pérez at La Bahía.  Attribution:  On This Day.

1835   John Allen Campbell, Governor of Wyoming Territory from 1869 to 1875, born in Salem Ohio.  As Territorial Governor,. Campbell was a career soldier up until his appointment as Governor, and later became a counsel to Switzerland.  He signed the bill granting Wyoming's women the right to vote.

1838   The Battle Creek Fight, also known as the Surveyor's Fight, occurred between surveyors and Indians at In Navarro County, Texas.  Attribution:  On This Day.

1867  John S. Casement, railroad contractor and Civil War era general, and post war chief engineer for the Union Pacific, appointed Territorial delegate to Congress.

1889  The brewery in Sheridan burned.  Attribution:  Wyoming State Historical Society.

1915  The first oil well was drilled in the Elk Basin.  Attribution:  Wyoming State Historical Society.

1917   First draft of Owen's Dulce et Decorum Est, October 8, 1917.
(A bit off subject here, but;) Today is the anniversary of the first known draft of Wilfred Owen's well known Great War poem, Dulce et Decorum Est.

Dulce et Decorum Est

By Wilfred Owen
Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,
Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,
Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs,
And towards our distant rest began to trudge.
Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots,
But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind;
Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots
Of gas-shells dropping softly behind.
Gas! GAS! Quick, boys!—An ecstasy of fumbling
Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time,
But someone still was yelling out and stumbling
And flound’ring like a man in fire or lime.—
Dim through the misty panes and thick green light,
As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.
In all my dreams before my helpless sight,
He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.
If in some smothering dreams, you too could pace
Behind the wagon that we flung him in,
And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,
His hanging face, like a devil’s sick of sin;
If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood
Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,
Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud
Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,—
My friend, you would not tell with such high zest
To children ardent for some desperate glory,
The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est
Pro patria mori.
I'll be Frank that Owen isn't my favorite Great War poet, in a war that oddly seemed to produce a lot of poets (or did the war just occur in a time when poetry was more common?).  And contrary to what is commonly believed, Owen's fame came posthumously after the war when his work was actually published, not during it. The sort of gloom and despair attributed found in Owen's poems, while not unique to him alone by any means, was also not a common view amongst English veterans of the Great War or even the UK itself until well after it.
1917:  The Second Liberty Loand Drive Commences. October 8, 1917.
Elyse Robert and Dorothy Kohn putting Second Liberty Loan posters on the side of the Waldorf Astoria in New York City, October 8, 1917.

1944  200 Washakie County students let out of school to help with the wheat harvest in a war time measure.  Attribution:  Wyoming State Historical Society.

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