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How To Use This Site

This blog was updated on a daily basis for about two years, with those daily entries ceasing on December 31, 2013. The blog is still active, however, and we hope that people stopping in, who find something lacking, will add to the daily entries.

The blog still receives new posts as well, but now it receives them on items of Wyoming history. That has always been a feature of the blog, but Wyoming's history is rich and there are many items that are not fully covered here, if covered at all. Over time, we hope to remedy that.

You can obtain an entire month's listings by hitting on the appropriate month below, or an individual day by hitting on that calendar date.

We hope you enjoy this site.

Friday, January 4, 2013

January 4

1846 General Mariano Paredes becomes the President of Mexico, announcing he will defend all territory he considers Mexico's. This made war with the United States inevitable.

While the US has usually been blamed for the Mexican War, and while Americans generally accept the blame, the Mexican role in causing the war is significant and perhaps paramount. The inevitability of the war came about when Gen. Santa Anna agreed to allow Texas to become independent as a result of the Texas' war of rebellion. Santa Anna was the head of state, and under the generally accepted rules of the time, his acknowledgment of Texas' independence had the force of law, even though it was conveyed in captivity, and even though he later disavowed it. Be that as it may, no ruler of Mexico could acknowledge it thereafter and expect to remain in power. Be that as it may, Texas was independent de jure and in fact, which Mexico could not reverse without an invasion.  Had Texas remained an independent state it is difficult to see how a renewed war between Texas and Mexico could have been avoided.  I frankly doubt it could have.

Upon becoming independent, union with the United States was inevitable. Upon incorporation into the US, no American government could not recognize Mexico's claim to territory that had been incorporated into the US.

Compounding the problem, there was no universal agreement on where the border between Texas and Mexico was. The US, under James Polk, took the position that it was the Rio Grande. Mexico believed it was to the north of there, although there was little traditional support for the boundary being there.. At the time, there was very little in the way of settlement north of the Rio Grande in any event, and the river was a convenient natural boundary, making the US position more sensible, if not more legal.  Nonetheless, the American claim to that section of territory rose the conflict from almost inevitable, if not inevitable, to immediately inevitable, which many historians have claimed Polk desired.

In the end, it was actually Mexico, not the US, that crossed the river with troops, sparking the war. Apologist have regarded it as a US invasion ever since, and even at the time, but it is difficult to see how the war could have been avoided by either party.

1847 Colt secures a contract to supply 1,000 revolvers to the US military.  These early Colt Dragoon revolvers were very substantial in size and revolutionized the arms of mounted soldiers.

This variant of .44 Colt revolver is generally known as the Walker Colt.  It was a monster sized revolver, weighing in at 4.5 lbs.  It's size was in part a safety measure by Colt, which was not certain at the time how much steel was really needed in a large caliber revolver.  There were not very many of them actually made (approximately 1,000), but the revolver did set the pattern for what would be a very successful series of "Dragoon" revolvers.

1896 Utah was admitted to the Union.

1897 Big Horn County organized.

1897  Wyoming  General Hospital, a hospital owned at that time by the state and founded to treat miners, burned in a fire.

1910  Orchard Opera house destroyed by fire in Lander.  Attribution:  Wyoming State Historical Society.

1915  John B. Kendrick takes office as Governor.

1917   The Casper Daily Press for January 4, 1916: Wilson takes charge when mediators fail

The view from Casper, which was similar to the view expressed by Cheyenne's Leader.
The Cheyenne State Leader for January 4, 1916: Wilson to change Mexican policy

The United States, having failed to acquire Carranza's signature to the protocol, was reacting by giving Carranza what he wanted most, an American withdrawal.

From a century later, it's hard to see how this wasn't just implementing the protocol plus giving Carranza what he wanted.

The Inter Ocean disaster figured large in the press as well, as well as good fortunes for wildlife.
1921 Congress overrode President Wilson's veto, reactivating the War Finance Corps to aid struggling farmers. By some calculations, 1919 was the best year for farmers of any year in the nation's history, but it was followed by an agricultural depression soon thereafter. The economic downturn for farmers started about this time, and it did not end until World War Two. In part, this was due to the mechanization of US farms, whcih received a boost by World War One, and then which became the strategy for many farmers trying to hold on in more competitive times.

1925   The bank, hotel and Odd Fellows Hall were destroyed by fire in Hulet.  Attribution:  On This Day .com

1943  Lester Hunt takes office as Governor.

1965  President Johnson outlined the goals of his ''Great Society'' in his State of the Union address.

1974  South Vietnam officially announces that, in light of ongoing communist attacks, the war in South Vietnam has restarted.

1980   President Carter announces US boycott of Moscow Olympics.

Elsewhere:  1999  The Euro introduced.

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