Ross in 1938 at her Maryland tobacco farm.
Nellie Tayloe Ross Day is a state holiday in Wyoming, although it is little observed.
1847 Missionaries Dr. Marcus Whitman, his wife Narcissa, and 15 others are killed by Cayuse and Umatilla Indians in what is today southeastern Washington, causing the Cayuse War. The Whitmans conducted the first Protestant religious service in Wyoming.
1864 Sand Creek Massacre in which Colorado militia attack Black Kettle's Cheyenne band in Colorado. Black Kettle was at peace, and the attack was unwarranted. The unit would muster out shortly thereafter. The attack would drive many Cheyenne north into Wyoming and western Nebraska, where they would link up with Sioux who were already trending towards hostility with the United States. This would result in ongoing unbroken armed conflict between these tribes and the United States up through the conclusion of Red Cloud's War.
Today the Cheyenne trek north is memorialized in the Sand Creek Massacre Trail, a highway designation for the combination Interstate Highways and State highways that lead to the Wind River Indian Reservation. The Wind River is not a Cheyenne Reservation, but it is an Arapaho and Shoshone reservation, and the Arapahos were allied to the Cheyenne and Sioux in this period.
Black Kettle had the added misfortune of having his camp attacked later by the 7th Cavalry, under Custer, at Washita, in 1868. He was killed in that attack, which likewise was a surprise and found his band at peace with the US, although others in the area were not.
Cheyenne prisoners, in artist's depiction, following Washita.
1873 Laramie County Stockgrowers Association forms in Cheyenne.The organization was one of the precursors of the Wyoming Stock Growers Association.
1876 Nellie Tayloe Ross born in Missouri.
1888 Territorial Governor Moonlight proclaimed the day one of Thanksgiving, Prayer and Praise.
1901 Mildred Harris, movie actress, born in Cheyenne. She was a significant actress in the silent film era, having gone from being a child actor to a major adult actress, but had difficulty making the transition to talking pictures.
Harris is also evidence that, in spite of my notation of changes in moral standards elsewhere, the lives of movie stars has often been as torrid as they are presently. Harris married Charlie Chaplin in 1918, at which time she was 17 years old and the couple thought, incorrectly, that she was pregnant. She did later give birth during their brief marriage to a boy who was severely disabled, and who died only three days after being born. The marriage was not a happy one. They divorced after two years of marriage, and she would marry twice more and was married to former professional football player William P. Fleckenstein at the time of her death, a union that had lasted ten years. Ironically, she appeared in three films in 1920, the year of her divorce, as Mildred Harris Chaplin, the only films in which she was billed under that name. While an actress probably mostly known to silent film buffs today, she lived in some ways a life that touched upon many remembered personalities of the era, and which was also somewhat stereotypically Hollywood. She introduced Edward to Wallis Simpson.
She died in 1944 at age 42 of pneumonia following surgery. She has a star in the Hollywood Walk of Fame. A significant number of her 134 films are lost or destroyed due to film deterioration. Her appearances in the last eight years of her life were minor, and unaccredited, showing the decline of her star power in the talking era.
Stories like hers, however, demonstrate that the often held concept of great isolation of Wyomingites was never true. Harris was one of at least three actors and actresses who were born in Wyoming and who had roles in the early silent screen era. Of those, she was arguably the most famous having risen to the height of being a major actress by age 16.
1908 Major Harry Coupland Benson appointed acting Superintendent of Yellowstone National Park.
1916: The Wyoming Tribune for November 29, 1916: Villa in the headlines
Scary headlines in the Tribune, which reported that Juarez, on the Mexican border, might be Villa's next target.
The Leader made the curious assumption that Villa taking Chihuahua would cause Carranza to agree tot he draft protocol with the US that was designed to bring about an American withdrawal.
Now, why would that be the case? Carranza had been opposed to American intervention, but as it was, the American expeditionary force amounted to a large block of troops in Villas way if he really intended to move north.
A curious assumption.
And the US acting on behalf of besieged Belgium was also in the news.
1919 A four week coal strike causes as serious coal shortage in Cokeville, Wyoming. Attribution, Wyoming Historical Society. Attribution: Wyoming State Historical Society.
1931 An Oregon Trail marker was dedicated at Torrington. The decade of the 1930s saw an increased interest in Wyoming in marking the state's early history which was coincident with the pioneer generation passing away.