45 BC January 1 celebrated as the beginning of the year for the first time under the Julian Calendar. Recognizing January 1 as the beginning of the year would later lapse, but would be reestablished under the Gregorian Calendar.
1622 Papal Chancery adopts January 1 as beginning of the year. A fair number of nations already recognized January 1 as the start of the new year at that time, but it would take over a century for the change to be universal in the Western World.
1861 Stephen W. Downey, later State Auditor of Wyoming, promoted to the rank of 1st Lieutenant in the Potomac Home Brigade, Maryland Infantry. He would be a colonel in 1863, at the time he mustered out of the service.
1863 President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation.
1863 Daniel Freeman files the first homestead under the newly passed Homestead Act. The homestead was filed in Nebraska.
1868 Susan B. Anthony, leader of the women's suffrage movement, first publishes a weekly journal titled The Revolution.
1870 Carbon County came into existence.
1879 The Laramie Daily Times starts publication in Laramie. Attribution: On This Day .com.
Calendar for 1888.
1888 John C. Garand born in Quebec. Garand was a Federal employee who designed the legendary M1 Garand rifle used by the U.S. Army during World War Two and the Korean War, and which went on to be used by the Wyoming Army National Guard until it was replaced with the M16A1 in the 1970s.
Calendar for 1888.
1892 The Ellis Island Immigrant Station in New York opened.
Calendar for 1896.
Calendar for 1898.
Calendar for 1905.
1920 1,000 "radicals" arrested in 33 US cities in the Great Raid of the Red Scare.
1923 William B. Ross took office as Governor.
1930 Ft. D. A. Russel becomes Ft. Francis E. Warren.
1934 Joseph C. O'Mahoney takes office as a Democratic Senator from Wyoming. O'Mahoney was born in Chelsea Massachusetts in 1884 and entered the newspaper business as a reporter as a young man. He relocated to Boulder, Colorado, in 1908, and then to Cheyenne in 1916, where he became the editor of the Cheyenne State Leader. He apparently tired of that and entered Georgetown Law School from which he graduated in 1920, which would indicate that he only served as an editor in Cheyenne for a year at most. This would make sense, as he was also employed as John B. Kendrick's secretary during this time frame, and he was not doubt working on his law degree concurrently. He replaced Kendrick upon his death. With a brief break, he would be a U.S. Senator until leaving office in 1960.
1935 $6,329,995.57 paid out in benefits to World War One veterans in Wyoming.
1941 Cody business men sent a telegram to President Roosevelt urging him to aid the United Kingdom in its war effort. Attribution: Wyoming State Historical Society.
1942 The U.S. Office of Production Management prohibited sales of new cars and trucks to civilians.
1944 The 115th Cavalry broken into three separate units. After having been Federalized in 1940 the unit had been used early in the war to patrol the Pacific Coast. It was then heavily cadred out as experienced men were sent to other units. Ultimately, the late war unit, of which a majority were no longer Wyoming National Guardsmen, saw only the Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 115th Cavalry Group sent overseas into action.
1948 The hospital in Rock Springs is transferred from state ownership to Sweetwater County's ownership.
1951 Frank A. Barret took office as Governor.
1959 Wyoming Township Michigan became a city.
1965 The Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge comes into existance. Attribution: On This Day .com.
1968 The University of Wyoming loses to LSU, 13 to 20, in the Sugar Bowl.
1984 The first memorial plaques installed at Grand Encampment Museum. Attribution. Wyoming State Historical Society.