1788 The U.S. Constitution went into effect as New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it.
1834 Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaping machine.
1880 Harry Yount receives word of his appointment as a wildlife officer for Yellowstone National Park, the first person to occupy such a position. He occupied it for only about a year, but is regarded as a pioneer in the field.
1890 564 coal miners form Almy went to Evanston to be naturalized as citizens at the expense of the Democratic Committee of Uinta County. Attribution: Wyoming State Historical Society.
1916 Mexican government troops attack U.S. Brigadier General John J. Pershing's force at Carrizal, Mexico.
Following the Battle of Parral, American forces did not advance further into Mexico but scouted out from locations that they were encamped in. On June 20 the 10th Cavalry went out on such an expedition from Colonia Dublan and received reports of a Mexican Constitutionalist force in the vicinity. They proceeded to encounter the force at Carrizal. The Mexican forces was deployed to block their further advance to the west and informed the American unit of the same, which in turn informed the Mexican force that it was to proceed through the town. The Mexican force agreed to let a portion of the American one advance, ultimately, but fired upon it once it entered the town.
A battle ultimately ensued which resulted in the loss of ten enlisted men and two officers. Unit cohesion was lost in the battle on both sides and the cavalry did not advance past the town. Several enlisted men were taken prisoner by Mexican forces but were repatriated at El Paso Texas ten days later. Mexican losses were heavier, including the loss of their commanding officer in the unit. Nonetheless, the battle may be taken as an indicator as to how the US expedition had bogged down into a type of stalemate whose character was changing.
US troops being repatriated at El Paso.
The engagement was the costliest action that the US engaged in during the Punitive Expedition and it was correctly judged to be a defeat at the time. The battle came at a point in time in which the US and Mexico were teetering on the brink of war and Pershing was sufficiently angered by it so that he sought permission to advance on Chihuahua City. President Wilson denied him that permission which likely adverted full scale war breaking out.
On the ame day, the local news read as follows: The Gathering Storm: The Wyoming Tribune for June 21, 1916
The almost certain war with Mexico loomed large. Locally, the problem was that the Wyoming National Guard was under strength and couldn't be mobilized until recruiting solved the problem. Interestingly, this edition reported that the European Allies were seeking to keep a war from breaking out, which certainly would have been in their interest, and that they suspected Germany wanted war to erupt, which was in fact true.
The Judge Mentzer mentioned in this article was either the Cheyenne lawyer or his father who was a National Gaurdsmen and who died of a stroke or severe heart attack some years later during a long ride during a Guard Annual Training.
1923 This advertisement first ran in the Saturday Evening Post:
The advertisement is the most famous car ad of all time and the ad itself revolutionized advertising. Based on the recollection of the Jordan Motor Car Company's founder in seeing a striking mounted girl outside of Laramie, while he was traveling by train, the advertisement is all image, revealing next to nothing about the actual product. While the Jordan Motor Car Company did not survive the Great Depression, the revolution in advertising was permanent.
1942 It is reported that eleven Wyomingites who were working in Shanghai are being held by the Japanese. Attribution: Wyoming State Historical Society.
1963 The Wyoming Air National Guard's 187th Aeromedical Transport Squadron received C-121 "Super Constellation," aircraft.