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How To Use This Site


This blog was updated on a daily basis for about two years, with those daily entries ceasing on December 31, 2013. The blog is still active, however, and we hope that people stopping in, who find something lacking, will add to the daily entries.

The blog still receives new posts as well, but now it receives them on items of Wyoming history. That has always been a feature of the blog, but Wyoming's history is rich and there are many items that are not fully covered here, if covered at all. Over time, we hope to remedy that.

You can obtain an entire month's listings by hitting on the appropriate month below, or an individual day by hitting on that calendar date.

We hope you enjoy this site.

Tuesday, July 2, 2013

July 2

1861  Grace Raymond Hebard born in Clinton Iowa.

1861  Ellen Liddy Watson, remembered by history as "Cattle Kate", born in Arran Lake, Ontario Canada.

1862   Following up on a theme first touched upon in yesterday's entry, President Lincoln signed an act granting land for state agricultural colleges.  In its own way, this act would be as significant as the Homestead Acts in its impact upon American society.  Many state colleges and universities today owe their existence to this act, although the practical origins of these schools is often forgotten today.

1863  Chief Waskakie singed the Ft. Bridger Treaty of 1863, which provided:
Articles of Agreement made at Fort Bridger, in Utah Territory, this second day of July, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, by and between the United States of America, represented by its Commissioners, and the Shoshone nation of Indians, represented by its Chiefs and Principal Men And Warriors of the Eastern Bands, as follows:
ARTICLE 1.
Friendly and amically relations are hereby re-established between the bands of the Shoshonee nation, parties hereto, and the United States; and it is declared that a firm and perpetual peace shall be henceforth maintained between the Shoshonee nation and the United States.
ARTICLE 2.
The several routes of travel through the Shoshonee country, now or hereafter used by white men, shall be and remain forever free and safe for the use of the government of the United States, and of all emigrants and travellers under its authority and Protection, without molestation or injury from any of the people of the said nation. And if depredations should at any time be committed by bad men of their nation, the offenders shall be immediately seized and delivered up to the proper officers of the United States, to be punished as their offences shall deserve; and the safety of all travellers passing peaceably over said routes is hereby guaranteed by said nation. Military agricultural settlements and military posts may be established by the President of the United States along said routes; ferries may be maintained over the rivers wherever they may be required; and houses erected and settlements formed at such points as may be necessary for the comfort and convenience of travellers.
ARTICLE 3.
The telegraph and overland stage lines having been established and operated through a part of the Shoshonee country, it is expressly agreed that the same may be continued without hindrance, molestation, or injury from the people of said nation; and that their property, and the lives of passengers in the stages, and of the employes of the respective companies, shall be protected by them.
And further, it being understood that provision has been made by the Government of the United States for the construction of a railway from the plains west to the Pacific ocean, it is stipulated by said nation that said railway, or its branches, may be located, constructed, and operated, without molestation from them, through any portion of the country claimed by them.
ARTICLE 4.
It is understood the boundaries of the Shoshonee country, as defined and described by said nation, is as follows: On the north, by the mountains on the north side of the valley of Shoshonee or Snake River; on the east, by the Wind River mountains, Peenahpah river, the north fork of Platte or Koo-chin-agah, and the north Park or Buffalo House; and on the south, by Yampah river and the Uintah mountains. The western boundary is left undefined, there being no Shoshonees from that district of country present; but the bands now present claim that their own country is bounded on the west by Salt Lake.
ARTICLE 5.
The United States being aware of the inconvenience resulting to the Indians in consequence of the driving away and destruction of game along the routes travelled by whites, and by the formation of agricultural and mining settlements, are willing to fairly compensate them for the same; therefore, and in consideration of the preceding stipulations, the United States promise and agree to pay to the bands of the Shoshonee nation, parties hereto, annually for the term of twenty years, the sum of ten thousand dollars, in such articles as the President of the United States may deem suitable to their wants and condition, either as hunters or herdsmen. And the said bands of the Shoshonee nation hereby acknowledge the reception of the said stipulated annuities, as a full compensation and equivalent for the loss of game, and the rights and privileges hereby conceded.
ARTICLE 6.
The said bands hereby acknowledge that they have received from said Commissioners provisions and clothing amounting to six thousand dollars, as presents, at the conclusion of this treaty.
ARTICLE 7.
Nothing herein contained shall be construed or taken to admit any other or greater title or interest in the lands embraced within the territories described in said Treaty with said tribes or bands of Indians than existed in them upon the acquisition of said territories from Mexico by the laws thereof.
Done at Fort Bridger the day and year above written.
James Duane Doty,
Luther Mann, jr.,
   Commissioners.
Washakee, his x mark.
Wanapitz, his x mark.
Toopsa+owet, his x mark.
Pantoshiga, his x mark.
Ninabitzee, his x mark.
Narkawk, his x mark.
Taboonshea, his x mark.
Weerango, his x mark.
Tootsahp, his x mark.
Weeahyukee, his x mark.
Bazile, his x mark.
In the presence of—
Jack Robertson, interpreter.
Samuel Dean.
1865  Sioux and/or Cheyenne raid the telegraph line near Platte Bridge Station, wounding Sgt. Holding of the 11th Kansas.  Sgt. Holding's attacker was killed by Pvt. Hammond, and the body was thought to be that of a European American, not an Indian.

1867  The first law partnership in what would become Cheyenne (two days later) formed. Attribution:  Wyoming State Historical Society.

1874  7th Cavalry left Ft. Abraham Lincoln to scout the Black Hills.

1885    Big Bear surrenders to General Strange at Fort Carlton Saskatchewan after his men run out of food and ammunition.  He was sentenced with Poundmaker to three years in Stony Mountain Penitentiary.

1890     Congress passed the Sherman Antitrust Act.

1916:   Sheridan Enterprise, July 2, 1916. Mexico and the Somme
 

Border tensions shared front space with the British offensive on the Somme on July 2, one day after the British offensive had commenced.
1932     Democrats nominated New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt for president at their convention in Chicago.

1936  It was reported that Crook County was enduring a grasshopper infestation, one of those plagues of the 30s which were so common in the West and Mid West at the time.  Attribution:  Wyoming State Historical Society.

1937   Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight at the equator.  The CGC Itasca, while conducting re-supply operations in the Central Pacific, made the last-known radio contact with the plane.

Earhart had a Wyoming connection as she was having a cabin built for her in the Meeteesee area, where she vacationed.

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